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Fırat University Medical Journal of Health Sciences
2018, Cilt 32, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 001-005
[ Turkish ] [ Tam Metin ] [ PDF ]
The Relationship Between Second to Fourth Digit Ratio (2D:4D) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Gözde ÖZKAN, Ramazan Fazıl AKKOÇ, Murat ÖGETÜRK
Fırat Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Anatomi Anabilim Dalı, Elazığ, TÜRKİYE
Keywords: 2D:4D ratio, type 2 diabetes mellitus, anthropometry, hand, digit

Objective: The most significant bodily characteristics that are thought to be influenced by prenatal sex hormone levels are the second (2D) and fourth digit (4D) lengths. In this study it was aimed to reveal the relationship between finger measurements and ratios, which are thought to be determined by hormonal effects, and diabetes, a hormonal disease.

Materials and Methods: A total of 400 people including 200 women and 200 men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were included in the study. Body mass index values were determined by length and weight measurements. Palm width, palm length, 2D and 4D lengths were measured as anthropometric measurements. Hand indexes and 2D:4D ratios were calculated. Data were compared with Student's t-test.

Results: When diabetes patients were evaluated by looking at body mass index values; men were overweight, and women were in the first-degree obese class. While 2D values of female patients were shorter than control group, 4D values were longer. 4D values of male patients were shorter than control group (P<0.001). When finger ratios are examined; It was determined that diabetic women had a smaller 2D:4D ratio compared to the control group and men with diabetes had a higher ratio (P<0.001).

Conclusion: It can be concluded that 2D:4D ratio may be considered as an important criterion, which can contribute to the determination of risk of diabetes mellitus from the birth, which will enable the people in risk group to live in a more preventive way.


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