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Fırat University Medical Journal of Health Sciences
2020, Cilt 34, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 147-153
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Investigation of the Factors Affecting Smoking Status and the Effect of Tobacco Control Action Plan on Smoking
Burkay YAKAR1, Edibe PİRİNÇCİ2, Esra KURT CANPOLAT3
1Fırat Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Aile Hekimliği Anabilim Dalı Elazığ, TÜRKİYE
2Fırat Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı Elazığ, TÜRKİYE
3Adıyaman Üniversitesi, Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Aile Hekimliği Kliniği, Adıyaman, TÜRKİYE
Keywords: Smoking, educational status, age factors, risk factors, prevalence, tobacco control action plan

Objective: In spite of all the struggles such as tobacco control action plan, smoking which is the main human health threat cannot be prevented. The fight against smoking is important because it is susceptible to the addictive effects of smoking and other addictive substances. In our study, it was aimed to see the final point in the fight against smoking and to determine the factors affecting smoking.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with 181 participants over 18 years of age who applied to Family Medicine outpatient clinic between February-April 2016. The sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and the factors affecting smoking status were obtained with questionnaire form by through face-to-face interviews.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 34.51±13.90 years. 50.3% of the participants were married and 65.7% were male. Fifty five point two percent of the participants tried smoking and 35.3% of them reported that they were still smoking. While 9.7% of women were smoking, this rate was 48.7% for men (P<0.001). Also 56.1% of individuals with high school or lower education level were cigarette users and it was found to be higher than individuals with higher education level (P<0.001). The rate of smoking was found to be significantly higher in patients with smoking in their families (P<0.001).

Conclusion: According to the data of our study, the prevalence of smoking is still high in Turkey. Gender, low level of education, age, familial factors, friend effects were the reasons that affect smoking. New struggle methods should be established according to risk factors throughout the country. We believe that we can reduce smoking rates by updating the methods of struggle against smoking and more effective enforcement of the issued laws.


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