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Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Tıp Dergisi
2021, Cilt 35, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 134-140
[ Turkish ] [ Tam Metin ] [ PDF ]
Evaluation of the Effects of Removable Partial Dentures on the Quality of Life for Short Term with OHIP-14 Questionnaire: A Pilot Study
Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi, Protetik Diş Tedavisi Anabilim Dalı, Bolu, TÜRKİYE
Keywords: Removale partial prosthesis, denture satisfaction, quality of life

Objective: The effects of removable partial dentures (RPD) on the quality of life of patients are important to evaluate the clinical success of these dentures. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of removable partial dentures occluding with fixed or removable partial dentures on patient's quality of life.

Materials and Methods: The study was carried out 41 patients who had received at least one jaw removable partial denture in Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Prosthodontics Clinic between January-March 2018. The OHIP-14 questions were asked to the participants to figure out their satisfaction with the removable partial dentures. The results were evaluated considering to opposite denture type, gender, education, income and oral health habits. Kruskall-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The results indicated that gender, education and oral health habits did not have an affect on the OHIP-14 scores of the participants (P>0.05). Comparing the OHIP-14 scores of participants who have removable partial dentures occluding natural teeth or fixed dentures and the participants having two removable partial dentures, there is no difference in the categories of psychological discomfort, physical and psychological disability, social inconsistency and handicap (P>0.05). However, funcitional limitation and physical pain scores are found significantly higher in the group with two removable partial dentures (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Patients with two RPD are more likely to experience physical pain and functional problems than those with one RPD.

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